Policy Unit

Policy Unit was established in 2015 to strengthen law enforcement and policy implementation on wildlife protection in Indonesia. This unit is committed to support Indonesian government to strengthen national policies and regulatory frameworks for species conservation and wildlife trade, supporting the Government of Indonesia with implementation on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) as well as to prevent forest destruction and reduce deforestation. 

What do we do?
Policy unit focuses its work in three main areas:

a. Strengthening policies and legal frameworks that ensure species conservation and meet the requirements for CITES implementation.

Undertake detailed studies on the loopholes and inconsistencies on policies, laws and regulations on wildlife trade and species conservation in order to promote policies and legal reform. The studies aim to enhance sustainable use and improve criminal justice responses against wildlife crimes and unsustainable wildlife trade. Policy unit works closely with other programs within WCS and other related stakeholders (Parliament, Government agencies and non-government think-tanks and organizations) on this area of works. 

b. Drivers of Deforestation Research

Carry out studies that aim to strengthening public and private sector laws, policies and approaches to prevent forest destruction and reduce deforestation. The studies focusing on drivers of deforestation e.g. plantations, land conversion, food security, forest fires, etc as well as the supply chains of products sourced from deforestation pressure such as coffee, oil palm and coconut. 

c. Technical assistance support and involvement in raising public awareness 

Establish and maintain cooperation with key partners, including parliament members (House of Representatives - DPR), government institution (Ministry of Environment & Forestry, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesian Police, Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center, Indonesian Institute of Science, Attorney General Office, Customs, etc) and non-government organizations to support Indonesian government on policy implementations and advocacy for policy reforms related to the wildlife conservation. In addition, policy unit coordinates with WCS’ internal communication team and other partners (NGOs) to increase public awareness through education, digital strategy, and other platforms to support changes in policy reform related to law enforcement on wildlife crime cases. 

Along with Indonesian government and other NGOs partners, WCS is actively involved in:

a. Contributing in the revision of Law No. 5/ 1990 concerning on Conservation of Natural Resources and Its Ecosystems 
b. Being a part on the process of renewing the protected species list (Annex of Government Regulation, PP No. 7/1999 on the Preservation of Wild Plants and Animals) 
c. Conducting an assessment of legal framework on the management and utilization system of wildlife in Indonesia 
d. Provide support and technical expertise for the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to become CITES management authority for marine species. 
e. Supporting CITES Management Authority and CITES Scientific Authority to ensure CITES implementation in Indonesia meets CITES requirements. 
f. Providing consultation and technical assistance on personal and institutional capacity building related to CITES implementation both for terrestrial and marine species. 
g. Carrying out a study on coffee plantations to assess the development of coffee trade chain in Lampung. This study will later be groundwork for the establishment of new conservation strategies in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.