Karimunjawa National Park

Karimunjawa National Park area is a conservation area designated in 2001, located 201 km in northern Semarang. The area consists of 22 islands of 110.117,30 ha waters area and 1.507,70 ha land area with the total 111.625 ha. The park is home for 509 reef fish species, 76 hard coral genus, 9 seagrass species, 3 sea turtle species, and 45 mangroves and its associated species. This national park becomes really essentials for the natives since it is an important fisheries resources and critical habitat for key fish species in Karimunjawa and Java Sea in general.


Current threats faced by the KNP Management authority are [1] increase pressure to grouper stock due to high demand from tourist; [2] lack of tourism management inside KNP area; [3] limited knowledge and skills of the tourism operators on sustainable tourism; [4] lack of awareness on responsible tourism from tourist and tourism operators.

What We Do

Within more than ten years supporting the area and fisheries management in Karimunjawa National Park, WCS Indonesia Marine Program’s activity in Karimunjawa started with ecological studies in 2002 and 2003. We have succeeded in developing database on coral reef ecology, socioeconomic, community compliance, and reef fisheries in this national park. The data and information is essential for the national park authority, local government, and other key stakeholders in formulating policy and management plan, as well as a strong reference for consultancy process between parties in the National Park’s rezoning process in 2005 & 2012.

The main activities of WCS-IP in Karimunjawa are:
a. Improve the management capacities of the national park authority, local government, and communities to improve national park management effectiveness.
b. Improve reef fisheries management through education, training and research.
c. Improve management capacity of national park authority, local government, tourism operators, and community in sustainable tourism.

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Representative Office

Jl. Diponegoro, RT 002 RW 002, Desa Karimunjawa, Central Java