West Nusa Tenggara

The Lesser Sunda eco-region, a part of the Coral Triangle, has the highest biological diversity in the world, serving as the habitat for 76% coral reef species and 2,631 aquatic resources. The region also serves as migration path for Cetaceans and six sea turtle species from the Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean. WCS's works in West Nusa Tenggara are aimed at supporting the government in improving conservation of key biodiversity areas through marine protected areas establishment, with management effectiveness improvement, and aquatic resources management plan development and implementation In three key areas in Sumbawa Island.


The main challenges to biodiversity in this province are degradation of coastal and aquatic resources from unsustainable fishing practices, lack of capacity in managing aquatic resources, including in marine protected area management, and lack of public awareness of environmental sustainability.


In West Nusa Tenggara, WCS works to support the government in biodiversity protection through SMART-Resort Based Management patrol activities, increasing the effectiveness of conservation area management, Ecosystem Area Management, and species and habitat conservation of sea turtles. We support the conservation area management unit, by developing a science-based conservation approach through monitoring and collecting data to strengthen a shared data base. We have also been supporting communities around conservation areas through awareness activities, capacity building in conservation area management and developing alternative livelihoods.

We started our work in West Nusa Tenggara in 2002 by assisting Gili Matra Marine Tourism Park authority to improve its management effectiveness. In 2013, we provided assistance in marine protected areas (MPA) establishment and management improvement. In 2014, we continued to expand our work to include four additional districts in Sumbawa Island to initiate aquatic resources project.